Since we've gotten around to punching, which most people think of as action, let me once again adjust your thinking. You should always think about result and effect.
Action can be shown in one panel or two. In either case, you are showing result and effect.
A punch is thrown as a result of an emotion. The effect of the punch on an individual/object is shown.
A container is knocked over as a result of carelessness. The effect of being knocked over empties the container of it's contents.
Do you see how the story is motivating the action?
To be continued…
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