How to Become a Comic Strip, Comic Book and Graphic Novel Artist
Tools of the Trade
11. INK - a liquid or paste that contains pigments and/or dyes
Three types of ink:
A) A pigment plus a binder, which is colorfast.
B) A dyestuff such as fountain pen ink.
C) A chemical precipitation such as ferrogallic or iron gall inks. Rembrandt and Van Gogh drew with iron gall inks.
A) A pigment is a powdered substance that is mixed with a liquid in which it is relatively insoluble.
Chinese and Japanese Ink Sticks have soot as pigment. Around 2,000 years ago stick ink was invented in China. India may be thought of as originator of India ink because of the name. During that time any ship which traveled round the Cape of Good Hope from the East was listed as coming from the East Indies. The Chinese are the inventors of ink.
With Stick Ink, you control the thickness and fluidity to complement the paper, desk angle and your drawing style.
Liquid India ink was made in China during the middle of the 3000 BC. It is made of fine soot (lampblack) combined with water to form a liquid. A binding agent; gelatin or shellac is also added, which dries water-resistant and gives a permanent line.
You don't want to use ink that is not waterproof. India ink is most commonly used for comics.
B) A dyestuff.
There are two types of natural dyes: substantive and adjective. Substantive or direct dyes, become chemically fixed to the paper without the aid of any other chemicals or additives, such as indigo or certain lichens. Adjective dyes or mordant dyes, require some sort of substance, (usually a metal salt) to prevent the color from washing or light-bleaching out.
Chemists in many countries have found a means of extracting highly concentrated powders or pastes from traditional dyestuffs.
C) A chemical precipitation is a formation of a separable solid substance from a solution. In the Middle Ages ferro-gallic ink was mostly used with quills. The disadvantage was that it aged and dried up in the bottle very quickly.
to be continued...
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